What is Wing Chun?

Wing Chun is a concept and principle based self-defense system. Best known for its superior hand techniques, Wing Chun is usually considered a close range fighting art. However, Wing Chun has many levels of application far beyond the well known hand techniques. Wing Chun is truly a skill based practice requiring time and patience to perfect. A broad overview of the primary training methods of Wing Chun is outlined below.


Sil Nim Tao translates as "little idea" and is arguably one of the most important training regiments of the Wing Chun system. Traditionally, this is the first form learned and is ideal for developing basic elements of structure. Practice of this form can also become very meditative allowing the mind to focus on the position and allignment of every movement.


The "seeking the bridge" form allows the student to develop chasing and transition energies. Turning, stepping and chasing footwork are all added with this form. At this stage, the student is learning to pursue and stay with the opponent while maintaining elements of structure.


The "thrusting fingers" form is traditionally learned last by the student. This form is very useful to beginners from the perspective of self-defense. The techniques contained in the Bil Jee form can be applied and understood by beginners. Many of the techniques in this form are considered emergency techniques applied to an attacker already delivering violation energies.


The wooden dummy (Mok Jong) helps train the intricacies of striking. Footwork training throughout the dummy form is divided up into three sections circle footwork, turning footwork and shifting footwork. Each section of the dummy allows the student to practice the cycles of encounter, negotiation and finish. Training on the dummy is essential for negotiating and delivery of force. In addition the dummy develops proper time and space management and chi gong. The dummy is a unique and essential part of the Wing Chun arsenal.


Translated, Chi Sao literally means ""sticky hand". Chi Sao is the core concept in Wing Chun. The sticky energy developed through the practice of Chi Sao allows for the proper timing and positioning against violation energies. Chi Sao also refines the basic cycles of self-defense through qualities of receiving, retaining and releasing. Truly understanding the role of Chi Sao in Wing Chun is critical for higher level skill development.


Wing Chun utilizes both the long pole and the butterfly swords as its primary training weapons. The butterfly swords train techniques which can easily be applied to any object on the street which can be held in one hand. While the long pole techniques can be applied to objects which require the use of both hands. Wing Chun weapons are usually introduced after the student has become proficient in the other areas of Wing Chun.